Here Are The Top Interesting Facts About The Himalayan Mountain:
#1 The Himalaya form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
#2 The mountain range spans 5 countries: India, Bhutan, People’s Republic of China, Nepal, and Pakistan. The Himalayas also include the amazing Karakoram and Hindu Kush mountain ranges.
#3 These mountains were created as two plates — the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates — collided starting about 55 million years ago.
#4 A total of 3000 cubic miles or 12000 cubic kilometers of fresh water is stored in the 15,000 glaciers which are found within these mountains. They are the 3rd largest deposit of snow and ice in the world, after Antarctica and the Arctic.
#5 The higher elevations are covered by ice and snow. Tropical conditions are experienced at the base of the mountains. However, the climatic conditions change as you move to higher altitudes on the mountains.
#6 They affect the climate of Asia notably. Actually, they have a great role in the creation of Gobi desert and are also the main reason for the heavy rainfall in Terai region.
#7 In Tibet, they are called Chomolungma. Furthermore, the Sanskrit word “Himalaya” literally translates as ”House of Snow,” due to the fact that the upper portion of this mountain range is always covered with snow. Nepalese call them ‘”Samgarmatha” which translates as the ”Forehead of the Sky” or ”Goddess of the Universe.”
#8 Many of the mountain peaks are sacred to the people who live in the surrounding areas, particularly for Buddhist and Hindu pilgrims, who go there to meditate and pray.
#9 With more than 110 peaks rising to elevations of 7,300 meters (24,000 feet), the Himalayas include the highest mountains in the world, namely Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga, and the Karakoram.
#10 The summit of Mount Everest, at 8,850 meters (29,035 feet), is the highest point on Earth. The height of Mt Everest was 1st published in 1856 when it was known as Peak XV. Everest grows by about a 1/4 of an inch every year. Nevertheless, the forces of weathering and erosion are lowering the mountains at about the same rate.
#11 Climbing more than 8,000 feet is no easy feat. Weather, altitude sickness, and the wind are the main obstacles to making the summit for most climbers. For instance, at the summit of Mt Everest, an individual breathes in the 3rd of the amount of oxygen she or he usually breathes.
#12 The name “Mount Everest” was given after the English governor, Sir George Everest, who was ruling in India during the 1st measurement of the mountain.
#13 The 1st person to ascent to the summit along with Edmund Hillary, Tenzing Norgay, is said to have buried his daughter’s blue and red pencils on the top of Everest.
#14 In 2005, Moni Mulepati and Pem Dorjee, a Nepali couple, got married on the summit of Everest.
#15 In 1999, Babu Chiri Sherpa holds the record for most time on the summit, after he stayed on the summit for 21 hours.
#16 No vegetation grows near the mountain’s peak due to extremely cold temperatures, strong winds, and a lack of oxygen.
#17 K2 (28,251 feet – 8,611 meters), also known as Mount Godwin-Austen or Savage Mountain, is the 2nd tallest mountain on Earth.
#18 In 1852, the name K2 was given by a British surveyor – T.G. Montgomerie with “K” representing the Karakoram Range and “2” since it was the second peak listed.
#19 It is considered that this mountain is harder to climb than Mount Everest due to its very bad weather. For example, K2 has the 2nd highest death rate among mountains over 8,000 meters height due to the fact that about 25% of people who try to climb it are killed in the attempt.
#20 Interestingly, it is more hazardous and difficult to reach the peak of K2 from the Chinese side, therefore, it is commonly climbed from the Pakistani side.
#21 Dhaulagiri (the highest mountain located completely within Nepal) is a subrange of the Himalaya which rises between the Kali Gandaki River on the east and the Bheri River on the west.
#22 Numerous of Dhaulagiri’s snow- and glacier-covered peaks exceed 7,620 meters (25,000 feet), including Dhaulagiri I, II, III, and IV.
#23 Mount Kailash has an elevation of 6,656 meters and is located in Burang County, in the far southwestern Tibet.
#24 Located around four long rivers, the Sutlej River, the Indus River, the Karnali River, and the Brahmaputra River, Mount Kailash remains a very sacred place and a great repository of mystical knowledge. According to Hindu mythology, Mt. Kailash (better known as Meru) is at the center of the entire universe. Moreover, it is regarded to be very sacred in the Jain and Buddhist traditions.
#25 Tantric Buddhists believe that Mount Kailash is the home of the Buddha Demchok. Tibetan Buddhists call the mountain Kang Rimpoche and consider it as the dwelling place of Chakrasamvara (one of the most popular deities in Tibetan Buddhism) and his consort, Dorje Phagmo.
#26 Jains refer to Mount Kailash as Mt. Asthapada and believe that Rishavdev – their religious founder, attained Nirvana – the ultimate state of soteriological release and liberation from rebirths in samsara.
#27 Siachen Glacier, the 2nd longest glacier in the world, is also the part of the Great Himalaya range. Presently, the entire Siachen Glacier is under the administration of India. Here, the temperature can drop well below minus 60 degrees and the winds can cross the 100 mph limit in no time.
#28 Approximately a billion people live in watersheds fed by the glaciers in the Himalayas, that source giant rivers like the Brahmaputra, Gange, Mekong, and the Yangtze. The Brahmaputra and Gange merge together in Bangladesh and produce Sundarbans, the largest river delta in the world.
#29 The Himalayas serve as a natural habitat for numerous species of animals, such as – Tibetan sheep, the wild goat, and musk deer. Snow leopards also live across a vast area of northern and central Asia, including the Himalayan Mountains, mostly above the tree line and up to 18,000 feet in elevation.
#30 This area is also home to a small goat-like mammal – the Himalayan tahr, that can be found at elevations of over 16,000 feet.
#31 The flora of the Himalayas includes Rhododendron, Deodar, rosewood, Juniper, and pine trees.
References http://www.encyclopedia.com/places/asia/south-asia-physical-geography/k2 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/asia/articles/ https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2013/may/24/trekking