The Soham mantra (also known as Hamsa) is all about making that reconnection with a personal God. God is both impersonal and personal and beyond both.

This mantra is usually called the “universal mantra” due to its vibrations, which are naturally resonant with the flow of the breath as it enters and leaves the body.

Daily repetition of the sacred word “hamsa” changes it to “soham” which actually translates as “That I am.” In addition, according to the Vedas, the mantra has great qualities, differentiating between bad and good.

Hamsa as a mantra is constantly chanted by the breath and frequently referred to as the ”Hamsa breath” or 21,600 breaths. This breath is also called the “So hung breath” or “Hong Sauh.”

Soham (Hamsa) mantra meaning:

  • Sooooo represents the sound of inhalation and is remembered in the mind along with that inhalation;
  • Hummmm represents the sound of exhalation and is remembered in the mind along with that exhalation.

Moreover, the literal meaning of the mantra is interpreted as “God is within” or “I am connected to all things.”

Mantra meditation:

This meditation technique is both powerful and simple. Along with Om meditation, Soham is considered to be one of the most potent meditation methods ever created. This meditation uses both the mantra repetition and breath together. Practicing this meditation has a calming effect on the mind and body of the practitioner and encourages a state of expanded consciousness, communion with the Divine.


#1 Sit in easy pose, with the head straight and spine erect. Place your hand in Gyan Mudra (gesture of knowledge). Close your eyes and relax your whole body.

#2 Focus your thoughts on the sound of your breath as you inhale. Connect that inhalation with the word “So.” As you exhale, listen to that sacred sound and connect that exhalation with the word “Ham.” Listen to how the words “So” and “Ham” sound. As with most breathing meditation techniques, Soham is practiced either in three cycles of twelve breaths or in 12 cycles of 12 breaths. One respiration forms one inhalation followed by one exhalation.

#3 If thoughts arise during the mantra meditation, just witness them. If thought trains take you off on a journey somewhere, come back to the present meditation. This mantra meditation can be practiced anywhere. The only condition is that the spine should be straight.

Practicing Hamsa (Soham) mantra meditation benefits:

This powerful mantra should be recited using the proper tones and should be learned from an authentic spiritual teacher. The mantra takes advantage of the natural sound of the inhale and exhale and helps you cultivate a vibration that connects you to your heart center.

Additionally, it is considered that in order for a mantra to release its entire potential, the energy within the syllables needs to be activated. One way to activate the energy is through repetition of the mantra in your mind. Through focused repetition, your mind and Hamsa mantra start to become one.

Practicing this mantra a few minutes daily helps you to understand yourself more, which ultimately leads to understanding the Self more.


This mantra meditation is a simple technique that can be practiced by everyone. It is best practiced early in the morning on an empty stomach. But, even if you don’t have time to practice in the morning, practice it as you prepare for sleep. It can be a wonderful way to incorporate this meditation practice into your life and have a very restful night’s sleep.

Hamsa Gayatri mantra lyrics in Sanskrit:

”Om parama hamsaaya vidmahe mahatatvaaya cha dhimahi tanno hamsa prachodayaat.”

Mantra translation in English – “Om, Let us meditate on Sri Hamsa Deva, the glorious, pure white sacred swan of supreme discrimination. May that great Lord in the form of a swan, who exemplifies paramahamsas, blissful self-realized souls, illumine and inspire our mind and understanding.”