Lord Vishnu is one of 3 supreme Hindu deities, along with Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma. Each of them has their loyal group of devotees.
Lord Vishnu’s role is to preserve the creation (existence is supposedly actively maintained and manifested through his will) and to restore order to the world. The name ”Vishnu” owes its root to the Sanskrit word “Vish”, which translates as “spreading in or pervading all directions”.
Tolerance, gentleness, and patience are the hallmark of Vishnu’s personality. He is seen as being the divine arbitrator of all disputes, whether involving gods or humans. He ensures the establishment of peace by interceding on behalf of others.
He has 10 main incarnations (avatars), known as the Dashavatara: Rama (the perfect man), Krishna (a key figure in The Mahabharat), Buddha (prince Siddhartha), Vamana (the dwarf avatar), Narasimha (also known as the Great Protector), Varaha (the embodiment was as a gigantic boar), Kurma (associated with the very famous churning of the ocean story), Matsya (associated with the beginning of the world), Parashurama (a student of Shiva), and Kalki (he will appear at the end of the Kali Yuga). It is essential to note that all the avatars are an earthly form of Vishnu, who himself is unchangeable, eternal, and immutable.
Moreover, Lord Vishnu appears in many Hindu sacred texts, including the Rig-Veda, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata. Lord Vishnu’s most famous feat in the Vedas was to take the 3 steps that measured the extent of the world, an act that was part of creation.
He is usually depicted in blue color, which represents his eternal nature and his purity, similar to the seemingly limitless blue ocean. He wears the auspicious “Kaustubha” jewel around his neck and a garland of flowers (Vanamala).
Goddess Lakshmi dwells in this jewel, on Lord Vishnu’s chest. The crown on his head represents his supreme authority. The yellow color of his clothing links his existence to the world. They indicate that he would incarnate himself in our world for destroying evil and upholding righteousness.
Furthermore, Lord Vishnu is portrayed with 4 arms. The four arms indicate his all-powerful and all-pervasive nature. A conch shell or Shankha, named Panchajanya, is held by the upper left hand. Panchajanya represents Vishnu’s power to create and maintain the universe.
A mace or Gada, named “Kaumodaki”, is held by the lower right hand. It symbolizes that Lord Vishnu’s divine power is the source of all mental, spiritual, and physical strength. A lotus flower or Padma is held by the lower left hand. The Chakra, a spinning, sharp, discus-like weapon, named “Sudarshana”, is held by the upper right hand.
The intellectual and creative traits of the mind are represented by the right side of his body while kindness, love, and compassion are represented by the right side of his body.
Lord Vishnu’s divine vehicle is Garuda, a giant eagle, frequently illustrated as having a human body and senses and bird-like forehead, beak, wings, and nails. The Vedas provide the earliest reference of Garuda, though by the name of ”Shyena”, where this powerful bird is said to have brought nectar to earth from heaven.
Mangalam Bhagwan Vishnu mantra lyrics:
”Mangalam Bhagwan Vishnu Mangalam Garuda Dhwaja
Mangalam Pundareekaksham Mangalaya Tano Hari.”
Lord Krishna sloka translation in English:
”May auspiciousness be unto Lord Vishnu,
May all auspiciousness be unto the one who has the Garuda, the birds’ king in flag symbol,
May all auspiciousness be unto the Lord with lotus like eyes,
Lord Hari is the abode all auspiciousness.”